Abstract :

Increasing demand of biodegradable and environment friendly product which could be obtained from waste and serves as an raw product behaving in a sustainable system of cradle to cradle is very much in demand and appreciated. The waste cocoon which has potential amino acids and properties which are still unexploited is used in various stages of textile processing and even in the treatment of the major textile waste which is the waste water generated in the processing of textile especially dyeing. The property of the protein to behave as a natural flame retardant is utilized.In the present study the cocoon solution and powder was prepared. This solution was applied on different substrate including both synthetic and natural fabric.From the XRD data of the cocoon shell it is very much clear that the amorphous region is nearly 50% and crystalline it’s nearly about 12% and hence the solubility in the alcohol is easier indicating the presence of ketonic nature being more dominant. From FT-IR results, the major groups present in the cocoon shell are at 1232 cm-1 which reflects amide stretching, 1508cm-1 the nitro stretching and 1618 cm-1 ketone stretching whereas in the cocoon powder has 3388 which is also for amide stretching and 1681 cm-1 for ketone.Thus, this is the first attempt to study the recycling and reusing of cocoon waste in textile processing as an auxiliary as well as a finishing agent. It is interesting to observe that this green technology is very much viable if attempted on commercial scale.