Abstract :

This research discusses the utilization of natural coagulants and adsorbents as eco-friendly substitutes for chemical coagulants in water treatment. It examines the effectiveness of both plant-based and non-plant-based products in this regard. Additionally, the study explores the advantages, constraints, future possibilities, and economic considerations associated with the use of natural treatment agents. The utilization of bio-composites in wastewater treatment can contribute to sustainable and cost-effective environmental practices, as it reduces the reliance on chemicals. By incorporating bio-composites into these processes, the dependence on chemical substances can be minimized, promoting a more eco-friendly approach. The study presents the use of bio-composite as an alternative to chemicals in water treatment. By presenting great benefits such as biodegradability, low index of residual sludge formation, a non-corrosive nature, and non-toxicity, the use of this bio-composite would help in sustainable, economic environmental practices, and harnessing them for water and wastewater treatment would help reduce chemical dependency.