The concept of function is one of the fundamental mathematical concepts, very important within mathematics itself as well as in the application of mathematics. Functions are an essential element of mathematical structuring and modeling of problems (e.g.in algebraic structures), as well as a means of comparing structures thus obtained (eg homomorphisms of structures). A mathematical function is a rule that gives the value of the dependent variable corresponding to certain values of one or more independent variables. A function can be represented in several ways, such as a table, formula, or graph. Apart from isolated points, the mathematical functions found in physical chemistry are single-valued. Apart from isolated points, the mathematical functions that occur in physical chemistry are continuous.